B-L072Z-LRWAN1

bl072z-1.jpg

bl072z-2.jpg

The B-L072Z-LRWAN1 board contains a Murata CMWX1ZZABZ-091 radio module with an Arduino style layout. Inside the radio module are an STM32L072CZ MCU and a SEMTECH SX1276.

This development board is designed to deliver LoRa applications based on the ST platform “STM32 LoRaWAN Expansion Package for STM32Cube”.

The STM32Cube package is the only source of information regarding the internal pinout of the module and none of this is divulged by either Murata or ST officially.

The board supports J-Link OB for STM32 to program its flash.

Pinout

Arduino compatible headers

                 PB8  D15 I2C1 SCL
                 PB9  D14 I2C1 SDA
                      AVDD
NC                    GND
IOREF        PA5/PB13 D13
NRST             PB14 D12 SPI2 MISO     
3V3              PB15 D11 SPI2 MOSI
5V               PB6  D10 SPI2 CS
GND              PB12 D9
GND              PA9  D8
VIN
                 PA8  D7
                 PB2  D6
A0 PA0           PB7  D5
A1 PA1/NC        PB5  D4
A2 PA4       PB13/NC  D3  SPI2 SCK
A3 PA4/NC        PA10 D2
A4 PH1/PB9       PA2  D1  USART2 TX
A5 PH0/PB8       PA3  D0  USART2 RX

PB2 B1  BUTTON
PA5 LD2 GREEN (CENTRE)
PB5 LD1 GREEN
PB6 LD3 BLUE
PB7 LD4 RED

Murata CMWX1ZZABZ-091

bl072z-block-diagram.jpg

The device contains a STM32L072CZ MCU, SX1276 LoRa IC, antenna switch and a STSAFE-A100 module (unconfirmed).

The internal connections are documented in the ST source code and the external ones in the user guide.

SPI

SPI1 on APB2 alternate function AF0

SPI1 SCK   PB3
SPI1 MISO  PA6
SPI1 MOSI  PA7
GPIO
GPIO PA15 NSS
GPIO PC0  RESET
GPIO PB4  DIO0
GPIO PB1  DIO1
GPIO PB0  DIO2
GPIO PC13 DIO3
GPIO PA5  DIO4 (enabled with SB26)
GPIO PA4  DIO5 (enabled with SB27)
GPIO PA11 STSAFE RESET (JP10)
GPIO PA12 TXCO VCC (JP9)
GPIO PA1  ANT SWITCH RX
GPIO PC1  ANT SWITCH TX BOOST
GPIO PC2  ANT SWITCH TX RFO
JUMPERS

Various jumpers exist, here are ones connected to GPIOs.

JP9

1+2 TXCO VCC connected to PA12
2+3 TXCO VCC always on (default)

JP10

1+2 STSAFE reset tied to MCU reset (default)
2+3 STSAFE reset connected to PA11
CLOCK

Datasheet says SIGFOX operation requires the TXCO clock as SYSCLK.

OSC_IN PH0 TXCO OUT (enabled with SB13)
ANTENNA

Antenna configuration depends on the mode of operation.

For sleep mode, the pins should be reset before entering, and for receiver and transmitter modes, the pins should be set up prior to entering the mode.

Sleep

Pin Operation State
PA12TXCO VCC OFF
PA1 ANT SWITCH RX OFF
PC1 ANT SWITCH TX BOOST OFF
PC2 ANT SWITCH TX RFO OFF

Receiver

Pin Operation State
PA12TXCO VCC ON
PA1 ANT SWITCH RX ON
PC1 ANT SWITCH TX BOOST OFF
PC2 ANT SWITCH TX RFO OFF

Transmitter with PABOOST

Pin Operation State
PA12TXCO VCC ON
PA1 ANT SWITCH RX OFF
PC1 ANT SWITCH TX BOOST ON
PC2 ANT SWITCH TX RFO OFF

Transmitter with RFO

Pin Operation State
PA12TXCO VCC ON
PA1 ANT SWITCH RX OFF
PC1 ANT SWITCH TX BOOST OFF
PC2 ANT SWITCH TX RFO ON

TXCO VCC takes 5 ms to start.

Programming

OpenOCD with ST-LINK is very unreliable on this board so flash the debugger with J-Link for STM32.

Command file

This command file just resets the controller state.

USB 777450341
Device STM32L072CZ
SelectInterface SWD
Speed 4000
Reset
Exit
/mnt/c/Program\ Files/SEGGER/JLink/JLink.exe -commandfile b-l072z-lrwan1.reset
SEGGER J-Link Commander V7.82 (Compiled Oct 13 2022 13:39:13)
DLL version V7.82, compiled Oct 13 2022 13:37:46


J-Link Command File read successfully.
Processing script file...
J-Link>USB 777450341
Connecting to J-Link via USB...O.K.
Firmware: J-Link STLink V21 compiled Aug 12 2019 10:29:20
Hardware version: V1.00
J-Link uptime (since boot): N/A (Not supported by this model)
S/N: 777450341
VTref=3.300V
J-Link>Device STM32L072CZ
J-Link>SelectInterface SWD
Selecting SWD as current target interface.
J-Link>Speed 4000
Selecting 4000 kHz as target interface speed
J-Link>Reset
Target connection not established yet but required for command.
Device "STM32L072CZ" selected.


Connecting to target via SWD
InitTarget() start
InitTarget() end
Found SW-DP with ID 0x0BC11477
DPv0 detected
CoreSight SoC-400 or earlier
Scanning AP map to find all available APs
AP[1]: Stopped AP scan as end of AP map has been reached
AP[0]: AHB-AP (IDR: 0x04770031)
Iterating through AP map to find AHB-AP to use
AP[0]: Core found
AP[0]: AHB-AP ROM base: 0xF0000000
CPUID register: 0x410CC601. Implementer code: 0x41 (ARM)
Found Cortex-M0 r0p1, Little endian.
FPUnit: 4 code (BP) slots and 0 literal slots
CoreSight components:
ROMTbl[0] @ F0000000
[0][0]: E00FF000 CID B105100D PID 000BB4C0 ROM Table
ROMTbl[1] @ E00FF000
[1][0]: E000E000 CID B105E00D PID 000BB008 SCS
[1][1]: E0001000 CID B105E00D PID 000BB00A DWT
[1][2]: E0002000 CID B105E00D PID 000BB00B FPB
Cortex-M0 identified.
Reset delay: 0 ms
Reset type NORMAL: Resets core & peripherals via SYSRESETREQ & VECTRESET bit.
Reset: Halt core after reset via DEMCR.VC_CORERESET.
Reset: Reset device via AIRCR.SYSRESETREQ.
J-Link>Exit

Script processing completed.

OnDisconnectTarget() start
OnDisconnectTarget() end

If the dialog contains a message about not being able to connect to the CPU then it's probably because it is sleeping…

...
InitTarget() start
Can not attach to CPU. Trying connect under reset.
Error while checking CPU state.
InitTarget() end
Connect failed. Resetting via Reset pin and trying again.
InitTarget() start
InitTarget() end
Found SW-DP with ID 0x0BC11477
...

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