Espressif Systems ESP8266 ESP-XX

esp8266-ch340.jpg

The Espressif Systems ESP8266 is used in cheap WiFi modules. It embeds an Xtensa LX3 CPU. The ESP-XX boards come with at least 1/2 megabyte of SPI flash for program storage.

Pinout

ESP-01

U0TXD    2 1 GND
CHIP_EN  4 3 GPIO2
EXT_RSTB 6 5 GPIO0
VDD      8 7 U0RXD

Component side with antenna to right

Power

A well regulated power supply is suggested. An LD1117 3V3 has been tested and works well.

3V3 ---------- VDD
3V3 ---10K---- CHIP_EN
GND ---------- GND

AT firmware update

esp01-3.jpg

The default AT firmware can be updated using ESPTool.

wget "http://wiki.kewl.org/downloads/v0.9.2.2 AT Firmware.bin"
esptool.py --port /dev/ttyUSB0 write_flash 0x000000 "v0.9.2.2 AT Firmware.bin"
Connecting...
Erasing flash...
Writing at 0x0007ef00... (100 %)

Leaving...

AT console

The updated AT firmware uses 9600 baud by default, the original is 115200.

3V3 UART       ESP-XX
========       ======
RX  -- 470R -- U0TXD
TX  -- 470R -- U0RXD
GND ---------- GND
picocom -b 9600 --omap crcrlf /dev/ttyUSB0
AT+RST
...
[System Ready, Vendor:www.ai-thinker.com]
AT+GMR
0018000902
OK
AT+CWMODE=1
OK
AT+CWLAP
+CWLAP ...

The commands above reset the device, set its mode of operation and scan for access points.

NodeMcu

nodemcu.jpg NodeMcu is a LUA interpreter than runs on the ESP-XX chip. It can be used to communicate over the network and control the GPIOs.

We will use ESPTool to install NodeMcu for esp8266.

git clone https://github.com/nodemcu/nodemcu-firmware
git reset --hard fb967dd8a2c8282e146626642bf24e8c90cdbcd0
cd nodemcu-firmware/pre_build/0.9.5
esptool.py --port /dev/ttyUSB0 write_flash 0x000000 nodemcu_20150127.bin
esptool.py v2.0-beta2
Connecting....
Detecting chip type... ESP8266
Uploading stub...
Running stub...
Stub running...
Attaching SPI flash...
Configuring flash size...
Auto-detected Flash size: 512KB
Flash params set to 0x0000
Compressed 395836 bytes to 267867...
Wrote 395836 bytes (267867 compressed) at 0x00000000 in 23.5 seconds (effective 134.7 kbit/s)...
Hash of data verified.

Leaving...
Hard resetting...

Build 20150212 firmware can be found in pre_build/latest/nodemcu_latest.bin

NodeMcu console

A regular console at 9600 baud is used to communicate with NodeMcu. The same connection scheme as per the AT console (above) is used.

picocom -b 9600 /dev/ttyUSB0
NodeMCU 0.9.5 build 20150127  powered by Lua 5.1.4
lua: cannot open init.lua
> gpio.mode(3, gpio.OUTPUT)
> gpio.write(3, gpio.HIGH)
> gpio.write(3, gpio.LOW)

In the above we set GPIO0 to an output, set it high, then set it low.

NodeMcu pins

esp01.jpg

pin GPIO ESP-01
0 16
1 5
2 4
3 0 5
4 2 3
5 14
6 12
7 13
8 15
9 3
10 1
11 9
12 10

Although the ESP-01 only has 2 GPIOs, NodeMcu has I2C support and a circuit such as this can extend its capabilities.

Resources

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